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BBC World News America

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Britain 10, America 7, George 6, U.n. 6, Syria 6, Hollywood 6, India 6, Europe 5, Brussels 4, Mogadishu 4, China 4, Somalia 4, Pbs 4, Ecb 3, U.s. 3, David Cameron 3, John Cassidy 2, Mr. David Cameron 2, Calcutta 2, Germany 2,
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  PBS    BBC World News America    News/Business.  
   U.S.-targeted nightly newscast. New.  

    December 9, 2011
    4:00 - 4:30pm PST  

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america." this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington. at europe's signs onto a more frugal future, but as the treaty is hammered out in brussels, britain alone walks away from the deal. fired tears through a hospital in india, nearly 90 people killed as medical staff lee, abandoning their patients. and there is trouble in hollywood hills, where one of the famous signs is sparking a showdown in the neighborhood. >> it is all about access for the sign. welcome to our viewers on
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pbs in america and around the globe. european leaders have called a rescue out of their economic cat. 23 members of the european union have agreed to spend less, save more, and surrender some sovereignty to stabilize the euro. britain was the only country to reject the changes, leaving the u.k. more isolated. after so many last-ditch deals, will this really work? gavin hewitt has the latest. >> this was a summit when the e.u. change, full of tension. at the french president was chipper. the british prime minister managing a clenched smile as britain's relationship with europe changed, too. ifrance and germany had wanted o amend the treaty to impose tougher discipline over budgets. that needed british agreement, but the prime minister wanted
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safeguards in return. the arguments continued until 4:00 in the morning. >> good morning. at the sorry for keeping you up so long. i said before coming to brussels that if i could not get adequate safeguards for britain in a new european treaty, i would not agree to it. what is on offer is not in britain's interests, so i did not agree to it. >> david cameron wanted to protect the u.k.'s financial services sector, but the french and germans were in no mood to make concessions to the british. >> david cameron asked for something that we thought was unacceptable, to exempt the u.k. from some of regulations on financial services. we think a large part of the problem comes from the deregulation of financial services. >> the idea of a treaty change was hit with a british veto. before the leaders headed off, a medic clear that if they cannot
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change the treaty, the eurozone countries would go it alone with a deal of their own. gradually it became clear how isolated britain had become because most other countries had indicated it would sign up for the act. increasingly appeared that britain would be on one side and 26 other countries would be on the other. what have all of these eurozone countries signed up to? much greater european control over their tax and spending, national budgets feud at european level since first, sanctions for those who overspend like greece and italy. these countries will meet every month. britain will be excluded. daybreak after a marathon night. the leaders returned to the summit, and angela merkel said this about david cameron perry >> david cameron was at the negotiating table with us and we made this decision. what we cannot do was make a
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lousy compromise. >> other leaders noted that britain had been alone demanding concessions. >> they are divided and they are outside of the decision making. >> the mood seemed to extend to a ceremony welcoming croatia as the latest european union member. >> last but not least, the net it can numb, mr. david cameron. -- the united kingdom, mr. david cameron. the european leaders headed home with a new pact to instill discipline over their spending. what has not been addressed is debt and slow growth, the fundamental problems of the eurozone. as we have seen so many times before, all of these events in brussels are having financial implications all over the world. i am joined by john cassidy from new yorker magazine.
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let's start with the idea this treaty has not come up with a solution to the fund and the problem of slow growth in europe. >> that is true, but we should not underestimate what happened. from the british point of view, it is a political story, from the european point of view this is a big economic store. look what has happened the past couple three months. we have the new government increase, new government in italy, both of them technocratic, new government in spain, which is dedicated to austerity. we also have this new treaty, the 17 countries in force in fiscal discipline. these are quite big developments. i think the next step in resolving this is the ecb, the european central bank. that is the key, how this reacts. the debt markets are frozen. the only thing that could unfreeze the debt market is the
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ecb stepping in and buying bonds. that is what i would expect to see it in the next few weeks. >> use down markedly more optimistic about the results of the summit and other economists. -- you sound more optimistic. are you suggesting this is what the world has been waiting for? that to some extent. i think the reason people are skeptical is the head of the ecb made some cautious comments yesterday before all of this happened, picking slightly upbeat comments after it happened. the ecb does not like to be pushed around by the politicians, but ultimately, the ecb is a political institution. those who run it are appointed by member governments, especially france and germany. it seems the french and germans are leaning on the ecb, which i would expect them to having gone to all of this trouble to get the new treaty that the ecb will take some steps. i am not saying the whole thing
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has been resolved, but if you look at the markets, what happened today, bank stocks went up around europe and in britain. they're like the canary in the coal mine. if the markets thought this was a non-event, bank stocks would have collapsed. the fact they went up says to me that people are expecting some more intervention from the ecb. >> you spoke about the pressure applied. coming from the summit, will europe look more like germany? >> we are a bit. the whole problem with the monetary system is it has not had the institutions you need to run a common currency. we only have part of the central bank, we don't have a proper fiscal union. we have not gone all the way on either of those fronts, but these are big steps in that direction. if that continues, i think at least you will see an outline of a couple. possible solution.
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that does not solve the big growth problem. it does not solve the problems of restructuring greece and ireland and portugal, which will probably need another restructuring, but we have created the institutions which can go ahead and tackle the bigger issues. >> john cassidy, great to hear you so optimistic tonight. thank you. >> thank you. as european leaders try to rescue the economy, thousands of miles away on the tip of africa, they're trying to save the environment. are they having as much luck as the economist in brussels? it is not clear. the deadline for talks has been extended until tomorrow, with the world's biggest polluters -- america, china, india -- rejecting moves to cut on greenhouse gas emissions. >> year after year, global warming and gas emissions get
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pumped out. scientists say it is urgent, but the economic crisis it is more immediate, so international action keeps getting put off. outside, the latest negotiations, a solar powered cattle. fine if you want tea in daylight. once again, they're struggling to reach agreement. tophe un -- the u.n.'s minister says it is not enough. but that it will be an important step forward, but that will not match the financing. this is a very critically important step forward, but it is insufficient. >> climate negotiations are really slowing down. the kyoto protocol, the first and only treaty on greenhouse gases, runs out at the end of 2012. only the european union and others are prepared to stick with it. a new global treaty covering all
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the major polluters may not come until 2020 or even later. this afternoon, protesters tried to disrupt the conference, accusing negotiators of stalling. but jostling with the police will not do anything to budge the biggest economies -- china, india, and america, all were that the treaty could restrain growth. >> the european union could make the case for a robust agreement that could be supported by many developing countries, but unless china, india, and the u.s. are on board, three of the biggest emitters on the planet, we will not have a global solution but >. >> many countries are turning to green energy, but not having an international treaty makes that harder. athat will run into the weekend, and nobody can predict the
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outcome. on all of thea offense, spoke with the director of the environmental policy program at the university of maryland, who just returned from the climate talks. copenhagen, cancun, bourbon. it seems the fundamental rift is the same. some countries do not what the limits on emissions to be binding. we have not really shifted from that. >> that is right, the whole disagreement at copenhagen that led to this approach of voluntary targets that each individual country reports into the international system came about because of the same risk we are seeing playing out again in durban. this is that the admitting countries, the large emerging countries are not willing to take on the aid legally binding targets. they're willing to report into
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an international system their own domestic policies, but as of now they're not willing to take on something that they see as perhaps constraining their ability to grow. >> you deal with environmental policy. in your eyes, with those countries before it to sign a target, or does it matter? >> this brings up a good question and international law, which is, what is the best venue to get countries to apply that the policies they need to implement to get the emissions trajectory moving down as we know it must in the near term? a lot of people equate the kyoto protocol with the only way to get that to happen. in the and, a lot of what international law can do with respect to the environment is created for a more countries can create norms about what we must do and should do, and we must act aggressively on climate change. but whether it is the right venue for requiring regulations on those countries is another question entirely.
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>> we have learned if we don't have regulations, things did not change and people did not bring down regulations -- cannot bring down emissions. >> right, and they too have countries and limit domestic policies that do something. the agenda was not originally supposed to be focused on this question of a road map to 2020. a lot of the questions were implementing the agreements that were made in cancun. those are, how we leverage $100 billion per year of multilateral aid to go to the least developed countries in the emerging economy to help them adapt to climate change and help them implement new ed lower carbon technology? >> in some areas you are suggesting progress is being made. it is the sticking point of a legally binding emissions. do you think that what has happened in the global economy, and we started out talking about the prospects of global recession, has that made the likelihood of china, india, and
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particularly the united states signed onto limits of their emissions harder to get to? >> it does, and if you ask them to do it this year or next, it makes it particularly hard for the u.s. to say, yes, we're going to take on a legally binding target. that implies we are taking on a legally binding target in the near term. countries like the u.s. are very reluctant, in fact they will not be able because of their domestic politics to say, yes, we will negotiate treaties that are legally binding because the repercussions happen now in the elections this year and next. it is reasonable to ask countries to take on a legally binding targets, but we should not be surprised if they say no. >> thank you very much for coming in. >> thank you. activists say at least 24 people have been killed in renewed anti-government protests across syria. four children were said to be
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among the demonstrations that take place after a friday prayer. it is estimated 14000 people have died in the uprising against president al-assad since march. a spokesman for syria's foreign ministry said the president was appalled and saddened by the ongoing violence. during a press conference he also called on the international community to help syria find an exit to the crisis. >> we are appealing to the outside world and our brothers all over the world to help syria through this and to stop in sight met -- and to stop inciting people, pressuring, ching. this is not helping syria. if you affect this area institutions, there will be no ability to build the state. >> syria is still under international pressure.
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a fierce fire ripped through a hospital in india, killing at least 90 people. many of them were patients who became trapped. it took firefighters in calcutta five hours to get the blaze under control, and fleeing medical staff are accused of abandoning their patients. >> the fire broke out in the early hours of the morning and spread rapidly through the six stories of this private hospital. some 160 patients lay inside. most were unaware. many are said to have died after it haling thick smoke. the fire services struck to get to those projects struggle to get to those inside, using cranes to get in position and bring people out from the higher floors. it was a slow process, but eventually lead to success. many of the patients were here for critical treatment and had to be rushed to other hospitals nearby.
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outside, traumatized families waited for news of their loved ones. there was a lot of anger. many believe the authorities were too slow to react. the chief minister was on hand to supervise the operation and assured the public that a full investigation would be carried out. the hospital's license has been revoked and the police have filed charges, but for many here, that will provide little consolation. terrifying scenes in calcutta. a quick update on the election and the democratic republic of congo, the main opposition candidate today rejected the official results, showing the incumbent won the presidential election. tshisekedi said he considered himself the president. there is a heavy security
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presence and capital because of fears of post-election violence. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, can this story get more bizarre? surveillance video from the day that dominic strauss-kahn was accused of rape sparks more debate. on a visit to somalia, the u.n. secretary general ban ki- moon has called on al-shabab to stop violence and come to the peace process. he announced plans to transfer the u.n. political office to mogadishu from the kenyan capital of nairobi. he also visited refugee camps over the kenyan border. our correspondent is traveling with him and she filed this report. >> the secretary general wanted to highlight the plight of the nearly half million refugees who fled famine in somalia and ended up here on the kenyan border.
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his security people felt it is not safe enough for him to go to the camps, so he is here in the u.n. compound. the camp leaders and refugees are meeting here. the al-shabab militant group which controls central and south somalia has expelled a number of aid organizations, and the secretary general has condemned to that and raised the issue again on a whirlwind trip to somalia. while he was there, he focused on political issues. the u.n. is pushing a political road map that is meant to get the transitional authorities in somalia to come up with a new constitution and form a parliament by august. the u.n. is impatient with the transitional authorities. they are weak, divided, corrupt, so he wanted to send a strong message they should take this road map seriously and take advantage of recent security gains in mogadishu to extend their authority to the city to
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try to win public support for themselves. they have recently pushed out the al-shabab militants, and the secretary general's visit to mogadishu shows bair has been some improvement. even though that is the case, the al-shabab militants are fighting back. there have been a number of attacks in mogadishu this week, so it the peace is fragile. he has been cleared in court, but public interest in the case of dominic strauss, has been revived because of new surveillance video which comes from the hotel where the former head of the imf was accused of sexually assaulting a maid. what it proves is a whole lot less clear. steve kingston has taken a look. at the top of the frame, an unhurried dominique strauss, an approach is the reception desk to check out. it is lunchtime, 12:28 according
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to the security cameras. he leaves the lobby and gets into a taxi, and this was less than half an hour after his sexual encounter with the hotel maid. she is seen on another camera an hour later with the hotel security staff. there is no audio, but she is to be giving an account of what she said happened to the presidential suite. it was then that the hotel staff called the police. >> hi, i want to report a sexual assaults. >> or was it at? >> this is a hotel. that is one of our room attendants. apparently, she was assaulted by a guest. that is not clear how the french television channel obtained the footage, but the maids lawyers say it. she was consistent. >> the videos do not live. -- do not lie. she came down to the security department and did the same
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thing, because she is telling the truth. >> prosecutors were not convinced. in august, they concluded the maid had lied repeatedly to investigators. the former head of the imf walked free, his lawyers acknowledging there had been a brief sexual encounter. they say it was entirely consentual. some believe mr. strauss-khan was set up by political opponents seeking to destroy his presidential ambitions. they seized upon this footage, showing jubilant battelle security staff moments after the police were called. but the hotel. company describes as not sense any suggestion its staff is involved in a conspiracy. -- but the hotel company describes it as nonsense any suggestion its staff is involved in a conspiracy. the hollywood sign is an icon of the independent industry and a real pain to live next to. that is what healthy homeowners
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are saying about the famous letters. for years, people left on their way to the neighborhood to photograph, but now gps technology has them positively flocking there and the residents are not happy. >> everybody comes to hollywood, the law to make it in the neighborhood. >> it is iconic. it symbolizes a century of show biz, and the tourists love it. seeabsolutely fantastic to it. >> at least 10, 15 feet from it. >> the sine started out life as an advertisement for a land development. but that fell into disrepair in the 1970's, and it was used after -- and it was hugh hefner who stepped in to make it what it is today. this is madonna's old house.
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they might have a great view from their narrow streets, but not everybody likes what fame and new technology brings. >> 5.7 miles, hollywood sign. >> we have always welcome to tourists, but this was before gps. you had a small group. it is like saying that we put disneyland in the middle of their residential neighborhood with no supervision. >> gps systems now bring people here. residents are up in arms. that you were not supposed to be parked here. it is illegal. it is dangerous. >> this neighborhood is going on the offensive against traffic and trespassing. it is the typical residents against city council. >> when you live next to a public park, you have to expect
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the public. when you live next to one iconic sign, i am sure in a realistic flyers they will save you of the hollywood sign. >> the fight is all over access to the hollywood sign. this is fantastic access. here is where all of the tourists want to come, but they cannot. we are just here because we got special permission. these letters have been built to withstand earthquakes. whatever happens, the row is set to go on for some time. that tension, you are trespassing. -- >> attention, you were trespassing. >> i am not sure many residents of california have much sympathy for those people. that brings today's program to a close, but get updates on our website at any time and see what we're working on. this code for facebook page. for all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for watching and have a great weekend.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: >> chuck e. cheese's, proud supporter of pbs kids, who know of all the things a kid can learn, one of the most important is learning to laugh. pbs kids, where a kid can be a kid. for over 90 years, stride rite's been there, from the first wobbly walk to the first day of school, helping you choose the right shoes. stride rite is a proud sponsor of curious george. rainforest cafe, proud sponsor of curious george, reminding you that anyone can make the world a brighter place by conserving our natural resources. when you're saving one can... both: you're saving toucans! (toucan squawks) funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station...
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ooh. ...and from: (lively drum intro) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪ ♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal